What Kinds of Cameras are There?
In this article, information about kinds of cameras will be provided. If you’re new to cameras and photography, these camera details will be helpful for you to know about different types of digital cameras and select a suitable camera for you.
Due to today’s advanced technology, different kinds of digital cameras with a lot of advanced features are being made by large scale manufacturers. Selection of a camera is quite difficult for a beginner.
Before selection and purchasing, take some time, do research and explore the full features of different brand’s models. There are plenty of choices available both in terms of features and price. Decide the features according to your needs, and select a camera due to a variety of its features, not based on a brand. In this way narrow down your choice within your budget.
Types of Cameras
- Compact Camera
- Medium Format Cameras
- Bridge Cameras
- Action Camera
Compact (Digital) Camera Details
Digital Compact cameras (CDC) are also called Point and Shoot-Cam. Generally, these are small, lightweight, easy to use, and budget-friendly. Being cheaper than others, widely used for ordinary purposes by everyone. CDCs have limited features and picture quality as well.
P and S cameras are further classified according to their size. Usually, these small photography devices, are known as ultra-compact and compact cameras. Advanced compact cams contain several features of professional-grade.
What are the Basic Features of Point-and-Shoot Cameras?
Point and Shoot Camera Features
- So simple that anyone can use easily and efficiently.
- Before capturing a picture, the live preview is available.
- Images can be stored in a computer as JPEG files.
- Availability of low-power flash to take photos in the dark.
- Autofocusing System provides nearby focus ability.
- Optical zoom capability.
- An important feature of image stabilization is also available.
- Large sensor size capability.
- The image recording format is JPEG.
- Most of the compact cameras use AA batteries, a few are available with custom batteries.
Besides these features, Point-and-shoot is not ideal for professional photography. The flash only works for closer things. The image sensors have a very minor angled space of about 6mm with a crop factor of 6.
Pros and Cons of Point and Shoot
- Cheap price
- Simple and user-friendly
- No need for extra lenses
- Full auto mode
- More affordable
- Limited Camera Settings
- Generally, can’t customize shutter speed and aperture
- Fixed Lens
- Noisier photos due to small sensor
- Lower resolution
- Slower focus
- Not good for professional photographers
Medium Format Digital Cameras
The term “Medium Format” applies
to those film and digital cameras that take images larger than 24 mm
× 36 mm, but smaller than 100 mm × 130 mm which is
considered to be large format photography.
Medium format refers to 120 and 220 film sizes format that is used in the Hasselblad the leading manufacturer. Medium format digital camera provides a range of interchangeable components like the lens, waist-level viewfinder, and digital or film backs according to your needs.
MF cameras have large sensors from 43.8×32.9mm to 53.7×40.2mm with heavier bodies. A larger sensor can deliver superior dynamic range with a higher transitional tonal value, and improved color accuracy. The dynamic range on a medium format camera is 14-stops more than that of a DSLRs.
This type of the photography equipment is used to get proficient and high-resolution images. The distinct advantage of medium format camera is high-resolution thus, most fit for artwork, advertising, fashion, business photography, and studios. These are also used to get big prints of images.
Due to high prices, ranging from $4,000 to $35,000, these cams are out of the average person’s range. Usually nowadays, not used by the majority of the photographers.
Today, only a couple of makers build digital medium-format-cameras, in the form of DSLRs and mirrorless, specially Hasselblad, Pentax, Mamiya, Leica, and Fujifilm.
Pros and Cons of Medium Format Camera
- Incredible picture quality
- Wide range of sizes and aspect ratio of images
- Interchangeable components
- Heavier body
- Extremely expensive
- Autofocus system less advanced
- Slower burst mode
DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) Camera Details
DSLR (digital single-lens reflex cameras) are heavy and larger than compact cams. This is the most popular type of photography device all over the world. These are made up of two fundamental parts “the body and the lens”. DSLR gives you access to a number of quality lenses from many manufacturers.
DSLRs have advanced control and multiple manual settings. SLRs have an optical view-finder. You can take pictures in instinctive mode. SLR (digital) cameras are available in a range of sensor sizes. Shutter speeds can reach faster ranges and have improved low-light ability.
SLR (digital) camera is best known for taking sharp and eye-catchy photos, with beautiful background and high-resolution videos with the help of their advanced sensors, manual settings, and a wide range of interchangeable lenses.
Numerous Canon and Nikon DSLRs are being used, for commercial purpose, to capture high-resolution photographs and images for newspapers, magazines, and billboards. Even full HD 1080p videos of 60fps are also being recorded for tv dramas, shows, and movies.
- Fully customizable settings
- Large sensors for cleaner images
- Optical viewfinder
- High-resolution photo output
- Capable of shooting good quality videos.
- An extensive variety of lenses and camera body
Disadvantages of DSLR
- Bigger and bulkier
- The professional range of DSLRs is expensive
- Requires ample know-how
Mirrorless Digital Cameras with Interchangeable Lenses
Mirrorless are simple with a small body. This kind of cams is capable of interchangeable lens compatible with the lens mount and adaptor of that camera. The new mirrorless is the substitute for the DSLRs.
The mirrorless camera contains most of the features of a DSLR camera but is smaller, lightweight, and less expensive as well. They have high-resolution EVF (electronic viewfinder) rather than an OVF (optical viewfinder) which can show more information than OVF such as levels, histograms, focus peaking and immediate magnified image of the focused area. It can be carried easily into a camera bag along with extra lenses.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Mirrorless Cameras
- Small and Lightweight
- Easy operation and controls
- Performance level similar to DSLRs
- Contains Electronic viewfinder
- Contains Electronic viewfinder
- Faster and healthier for 4k video capture
- Excellent video quality even in lower-end models
- Faster shutter speeds
- Contains features of both the DSLRs and Point-and-shoot cams simultaneously
- Notorious due to short battery life
- Sluggish autofocus
- Limited lenses and accessories
What are Bridge Digital Cameras?
Bridge Camera (also known Super Zoom Camera) is a general name of cams that fill the place between fixed lens small compact cameras and greater and heavier DSLRs with interchangeable lenses. They contain improved features than point and shoot cameras and cheaper than DSLRs.
They offer similar user expertise and level of manual management, long-range zoom fixed-lens, and optical device. Their distinctive characteristic is the telephoto zoom that makes them superzoom.
To fulfill photographers’ requirements, today bridge digital cameras are also being manufactured in bulk. Some take the traditional task of being a good compromise between image quality, size, and price, and others come to replace the DSLR as an entire photographic resolution.
Many bridge cameras have long-zoom lenses which now often start at a super wide-angle focal length of twenty or 22mm equivalent focal length. A few of them have solely moderate or short zoom, whereas most have super-zoom lenses, however, lack the advanced functions.
In addition to an electronic or optical viewfinder, a bridge digital camera contains an LCD for live preview as well. The innovative feature of the highest quality electronic view-finder separates a bridge-camera from others.
- Due to simplicity good for beginners
- Capable of an electronic viewfinder
- Telephoto zoom ability
- Cheaper than DSLRs
- Advance than compact
- Capable of HD video recording
- Not capable of interchangeable lens
- Limited zoom capability
- Low image quality because of the small sensor
- Built-in flash only
- Not good for professional photography
- Not sensible in poor light conditions